Soil Solution and Exchange Complex Response to Repeated Wetting-Drying with Modestly Saline-Sodic Water. (2007)
The objective of this laboratory study was to assess acute and chronic soil solution EC and SAR responses to various wetting regimes simulating repeated flood irrigation with treated CBM product water, followed by rainfall events.

Effect of SAR on Water Infiltration Under a Sequential Rain-Irrigation Management System (2006)
Existing irrigation water quality criteria related to sodium and salinity are based primarily on short-term laboratory columns studies. In this study, water infiltrating into loam and clay were studied in a management system with alternating rain and irrigation and drying between irrigations.

Geochemical Signature of Formation Waters Associated With Coal Bed Methane (2003)
Geochemical processes inherent to conditions of methane occurrence and generation modify groundwater qualities to have common characteristics that can be used as an exploration tool, regardless of lithology or age.

Effects of long-term irrigation with reclaimed water on soils of the Northern Adelaide Plains, South Australia. (2003)
The findings in this article suggest that farming methods, in the 1967-95 period, did not address the physico-chemical changes associated with the use of more sodic reclaimed water (RCW).

Strategic Produced Water Management and Disposal Economics in the Rocky Mountain Region (2002)
The cost of produced water handling and disposal associated with coal bed methane extraction is dependent on many factors that vary on a localized level. These factors are identified and discussed as they pertain to produced water management and disposal in the Rocky Mountains States of Wyoming, Colorado, and New Mexico.

Leaching and Reclamation of a Soil Irrigated with Moderate SAR Waters (2001)
Irrigation with blended drainage water can damage soil structure, impair infiltration, and increase runoff and erosion. The findings of this paper suggest that even diluted drainage waters used for irrigation will have an adverse effect on soil structure, especially drainage.

U.S. Geological Survey Monitoring of Powder River Basin Stream-Water Quantity and Quality (2001)
The USGS has been monitoring streamflow and stream water quality at sites in the Powder River Basin since 1900. The data can be used to help understand water quality conditions in the basin and to provide a useful baseline against which future changes can be compared. This report summarizes some of the available monitoring data and data relations that may be useful for assessing water quality effects, if any, that CBM discharges may have on stream-water quality.

Environmental Regulatory Drivers for Coal Bed Methane Research and Development (1999)
This paper addresses existing and potential environmental regulatory requirements that could affect development and production of coal be methane resources in the United States. Numerous federal, state, and local programs address issues associated with coal bed methane development including water quality and quantity, air quality, wildlife, noise, and visibility.

Coal Bed Methane - An Untapped Energy Resource and an Environmental Concern (1997)
The USGS is engaged in detailed studies of the controls, distribution, and recoverable resources of coal bed methane, particularly as they affect release of gas and water to the environment.

Coal Bed Gas Resources of the Rocky Mountain Region (2003)
Several important U.S. coal bed methane areas are in the Rocky Mountain region, where extensive shallow coal beds have produced or have the potential to produce coal bed methane. This report provides a summary of the recoverable coal bed methane resources of six geologic provinces in the Rocky Mountain region.